If you’re looking for another point of view on gasoline prices, Ralph Nader has an article in Counterpunch, “The Gas Gougers.” In the article Nader blames speculators, a lazy media, and a business-friendly government for the recent 50-cent run up in gasoline prices.
There was a time when even a few cents increase in the price of gasoline or natural gas would provoke Congressional investigations, actions by state Attorneys General, and condemnations of the producer countries, the OPEC cartel and Big Oil from presidents and the heads of antitrust divisions of the Justice Department or the Federal Trade Commission. That is, until smooth, smiling Ronald Reagan came to Washington, D.C. with his mantra that “government is not the solution; government is the problem.”
Curiously, “Reagan came to Washington” back in January of 1981, so I’m having trouble understanding how that moment connects to a gasoline price increase in January 2013, some 32-years later.
Nader might say his point is that now the industry can raise prices and not worry about government interference. But if the industry could freely raise prices without government interference, why did they wait 32 years to claim this particular 50-cent per gallon prize? Why didn’t the oil and gas industry raise their prices this much a year ago, or two years ago, or thirty?
Each price surge in recent decades seems to have different principal causes. This time it seems to have been precipitated by surging prices of crude – easily manipulated – and in the U.S. the permanent or temporary shutdown for repairs, of too many refineries.
Believe it or not, the U.S. is now a net refined petroleum importer because of the continuing refusal by the industry to rebuild or expand refinery capacity on the very sites where many refineries have been shut down, often in favor of offshore, cheaper installations.
Whenever supply and demand for refined oil products is tight, all it takes is for one or two refineries to suspend operations, other than for repairs, and the prices surge all over the country.
The “easily manipulated” price of crude oil? So again, explain why the industry keeps manipulating the price up and then back down again? Perhaps more to the point, why did the industry tolerate 15 to 20 years of low and relatively stable crude prices starting in the mid-1980s (during the Reagan administration!)?
“Easily manipulated” and yet seemingly so hard to control.
And, believe it or not Mr. Nader, the U.S. is now a net refined petroleum products exporter–not a net importer–and has been since mid-2011. Somehow, despite the continuing refusal to rebuild or expand refinery capacity, we have petroleum products in such abundance that we can ship them overseas. I’m sure once Mr. Nader figures out his facts are exactly backwards, he will immediately revise his claim and give the oil and gas industry credit for maintaining surplus refining capacity.
And it turns out that one or two refineries (in California) can suspend production and have essentially zero effect on prices anywhere in the country (but in California, as price data from last year reveals). Similarly, disruptions of refineries in the Northeast don’t seem to spread consequences too broadly across the country.
Nader thinks political grandstanding and government participation in oil markets and refinery operations is called for: Obama should use his bully-pulpit to put the heat on Congress; Obama should release oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to push prices down; the Defense Department should build it own refinery capability and sell excess products into the market to suppress prices.
Nader seems to pine for the energy policies of the 1970s–before Reagan came along–but maybe he should review that decade of periodic energy crises, government oil and gas price controls, import tariffs and oil allocation schemes, calls for energy independence, and repeated Presidential addresses to the nation about the seriousness of increasing energy scarcity. I don’t think it worked as well as he seems to think it did.